Pterocarpus marsupium, also known as Malabar kino, Indian kino, Vijayasar, or Venkai is a medium to large, deciduous tree that can grow up to 31 m tall. It is native to India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.
The tree is found in central and peninsular India, chiefly in dry mixed deciduous tropical forests of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and sub- Himalayan tracts, at up to 1000 m altitude. Natural populations have greatly reduced and often no tender young saplings can be found in the forest.
This is a threatened species on account of autogenic reproductive deficiency.
Pterocarpus marsupium is an important therapeutic and medicinal plant belonging to family Fabaceae and commonly named as Indian Kino tree
Heartwood of Vijaysar is antibiotic and hypoglycaemic, and is used to control blood sugar.
Kino gum, obtained from incisions in bark, has astringent, anti-diarrhoeal, and anti-haemorrhagic properties.
Leaves are used externally to treat boils, sores, and other skin diseases, while flowers are febrifuge.