Butea monosperma is a species of Butea native to tropical and sub-tropical parts of the South Asia and Southeast Asia, ranging across Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, and western Indonesia.
Palash Tree is a beautiful medicinal plant with a wide range of applications. Palash is the common name for it. It is commonly found in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Western Indonesia, and Myanmar.
It is famously called as the Flame of the Forest and belongs to the Fabaceae family. Palas, palash, mutthuga, bijasneha, dhak, khakara, and chichra are other local names of this plant that is commonly found in Indian forests.
It grows in flooded areas, saline and alkaline soil, black cotton soil, and barren lands too. It grows upto 10-15 metres in height, with uneven branches and a crooked trunk. The branches are ash-coloured. The leaves have three leaflets. The flowers are bright orange-red colour, and can be spotted even from afar like a flame burning amidst the green and browns of a forest, earning it the title Flame of the Forest.
These comprise anti-diarrheal, anthelmintic, anti-diabetic, anti-stress, hepatoprotective, antifungal, astringent, aphrodisiac, laxative, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant qualities. The Palash flowers and leaves are diuretic, aphrodisiac, astringent and increase the flow of blood in the pelvic region.